Prophet Salih (A.S)
This article depicts the history of Prophet Salih (A.S.) and the struggle made by him to preach Islam.
After the destruction of Aad, people of prophet Hud (A.S), Thamud succeeded them in power and grandeur.
The Thamud also began to worship idols.
The people led wealthy excessive lives, built grand buildings, both on the plains, and carved into the hills.
“And remember when He made you successors after the Aad and settled you in the land, (and) you take for yourselves palaces from its plains and carve from the mountains, homes. Then remember the favors of Allah and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.”
And (with) Thamud (people), who cut (hewed) out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)?
Allah send a messenger from Thamud named Salih (A.S.) to preach Islam to Thamud. And Salih (A.S.) invited the people to Allah.
And to Thamud (people, We sent) their brother Salih. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah (God) but Him. He brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein, then ask forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is Near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive.”
When their brother Salih said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him? I am a trustworthy Messenger to you. So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islamic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists). Will you be left secure in that which you have here? In gardens and springs. And green crops (fields etc.) and date-palms with soft spadix. And you carve houses out of mountains with great skill. So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. And follow not the command of Al-Musrifoon (i.e. their chiefs, leaders who were polytheists, criminals and sinners), Who make mischief in the land, and reform not.”
Salih (A.S.) was a pious, righteous man who held a position of leadership in the community, but his call to worship Allah alone infuriated many people. Some understood the wisdom of his words, but the majority of the people disbelieved and harmed Salih (A.S.) with both words and actions.
They said: “O Salih! You have been among us as a figure of good hope (and we wished for you to be our chief), till this (new thing which you have brought; that we leave our gods and worship your God (Allah) Alone)! Do you (now) forbid us the worship of what our fathers have worshipped? But we are really in grave doubt as to that which you invite us to (monotheism).”
Thamud (people) belied the Messenger.
And indeed We sent to Thamud their brother Salih (Saleh), saying: “Worship Allah (Alone and none else). Then look! They became two parties (believers and disbelievers) quarreling with each other.” He said: “O my people! Why do you seek to hasten the evil (torment) before the good (Allahs Mercy)? Why seek you not the Forgiveness of Allah, that you may receive mercy?”
Thamud (people also) belied the warnings.
For they said: “A man! Alone from among us, that we are to follow? Truly, then we should be in error and distress or madness!”
“Is it that the Reminder is sent to him (Prophet Salih (Saleh) ) alone from among us? Nay, he is an insolent liar!”
Thamud (people) denied (their Prophet) through their transgression (by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism, and by following polytheism, and by committing every kind of sin).
Allah replied to this as
Tomorrow they will come to know, who is the liar, the insolent one!
When the Thamud said that they augur ill omen form the prophet Salih (A.S) and believers he replied that they are the people being tested.
They said: “We augur ill omen from you and those with you.” He said: “Your ill omen is with Allah; nay, but you are a people that are being tested.”
Thamud people claimed the he was bewitched and a human like them and then asked for the proof that Salih (A.S.) is a prophet.
They said: “You are only of those bewitched! You are but a human being like us. Then bring us a sign if you are of the truthful.”
By the will of Allah, Allah sends them a she-camel as a sign to the Thamud.
And Allah ask Salih (A.S.) to warn the Thamud that if someone make any harm to the camel, the punishment from Allah will be send to them and inform the disbelievers to share water between them and Camel. And he does it.
And to the Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said, “O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. There has come to you clear evidence from your Lord. This is the she-camel of Allah (sent) to you as a sign. So leave her to eat within Allah’s land and do not touch her with harm, lest there seize you a painful punishment.”
He said: “O my people! Tell me, if I have a clear proof from my Lord, and there has come to me a Mercy (Prophethood, etc.) from Him, who then can help me against Allah, if I were to disobey Him? Then you increase me not but in loss. And O my people! This she-camel of Allah is a sign to you, leave her to feed on Allahs earth, and touch her not with evil, lest a near torment will seize you.”
He said: “Here is a she-camel; it has a right to drink (water), and you have a right to drink (water) (each) on a day, known. And touch her not with harm, lest the torment of a Great Day seize you.”
Verily, We are sending the she-camel as a test for them. So watch them (O Salih (Saleh) ), and be patient! And inform them that the water is to be shared between (her and) them. Each ones right to drink being established (by turns).
Some of the people understood the magnitude of this miracle but the majority continued to disbelieve. They saw a great and dazzling sight yet remained arrogant and stubborn.
Said the eminent ones who were arrogant among his people to those who were oppressed - to those who believed among them, “Do you (actually) know that Salih is sent from his Lord?” They said, “Indeed we, in that with which he was sent, are believers.”
Said those who were arrogant, “Indeed we, in that which you have believed, are disbelievers.”
And nothing stops Us from sending the Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs) but that the people of old denied them. And We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong. And We sent not the signs except to warn, and to make them afraid (of destruction).
The disbelievers planned to kill the Camel and they did it. Then Salih (A.S) warned them to enjoy themselves in their homes for three days.
So they hamstrung the she-camel and were insolent toward the command of their Lord and said, “O Salih, bring us what you promise us, if you should be of the messengers.”
But they killed her. So he said: “Enjoy yourselves in your homes for three days. This is a promise (i.e. a threat) that will not be belied.”
But they killed her, and then they became regretful.
And in Thamud (there is also a sign), when they were told: “Enjoy yourselves for a while!”
But they called their comrade and he took (a sword) and killed (her).
The Nine men among them also plotted to kill Salih (A.S.) and his household.
And there were in the city nine men (from the sons of their chiefs), who made mischief in the land, and would not reform. They said: “Swear one to another by Allah that we shall make a secret night attack on him and his household, and afterwards we will surely say to his near relatives: We witnessed not the destruction of his household, and verily! We are telling the truth.”
Three days after Salih (A.S.)'s warning, Allah's commandment came and destroyed the disbelievers. Neither their strong buildings nor their rock hewn homes could protect them. All were destroyed before they realized what was happening.
So the earthquake seized them, and they became within their home (corpses) fallen prone.
So the torment overtook them. Verily, in this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers.
So they plotted a plot, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.
Then see how was the end of their plot! Verily! We destroyed them and their nation, all together.
These are their houses in utter ruin, for they did wrong. Verily, in this is indeed an Ayah (a lesson or a sign) for people who know.
And As-Saeehah (torment - awful cry, etc.) overtook the wrong-doers, so they lay (dead), prostrate in their homes, - As if they had never lived there. No doubt! Verily, Thamud disbelieved in their Lord. So away with Thamud!
And as for Thamud, We showed and made clear to them the Path of Truth (Islamic Monotheism) through Our Messenger, (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they preferred blindness to guidance, so the Saiqah (a destructive awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) of disgracing torment seized them, because of what they used to earn.
As for Thamud, they were destroyed by the awful cry!
But they insolently defied the Command of their Lord, so the Saiqah overtook them while they were looking.
Then they were unable to rise up, nor could they help themselves.
Then, how (terrible) was My Torment and My Warnings?
Verily, We sent against them a single Saeehah (torment - awful cry, etc.), and they became like the dry stubble of a fold-builder.
Salih (A.S) turned away from his tribe and said
And he (i.e., Salih) turned away from them and said, “O my people, I had certainly conveyed to you the message of my Lord and advised you, but you do not like advisors.”
Allah saved those who believed.
So when Our Commandment came, We saved Salih and those who believed with him by a Mercy from Us, and from the disgrace of that Day. Verily, your Lord, He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty.
And We saved those who believed, and used to fear Allah, and keep their duty to Him.
And We saved those who believed and used to fear Allah, keep their duty to Him and avoid evil.